How To Find Files Bigger Or Smaller Than X Size In Linux
Let us say you want to find files which are less than or greater than a certain size in your system, how would you do that? Manually check each and every file’s size? No, a good system admin won’t do it. There is always an easiest way to do things in Linux. This brief tutorial covers how to find files bigger or smaller than X size in Unix-like operating systems. It’s not that difficult. Read on, you will find out!
Find Files Bigger Or Smaller Than X Size
When It comes to find files or folders, the first command that comes to my mind is “find” command. Using this command, we can also easily find files bigger or smaller than given size.
For instance, to find files that are bigger than 4GB in your hard drive, just enter:
$ find . -type f -size +4G
Sample output from my system:
./VirtualBox VMs/Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Desktop/Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Desktop.vdi ./VirtualBox VMs/Ubuntu 16.04 Server/Ubuntu 16.04 Server.vdi ./Soft_Backup/VHD's/Antergos/Antergos.vdi ./Soft_Backup/VHD's/FreeBSD 10.3 MATE desktop/FreeBSD 10.3 MATE desktop.vdi ./Soft_Backup/VHD's/Fedora 23 desktop/Fedora 23 desktop.vdi ./Soft_Backup/VHD's/Fedora 23 desktop/.goutputstream-UT19IY ./Soft_Backup/VHD's/openSUSE 42.1 Leap Desktop/openSUSE 42.1 Leap Desktop.vdi ./Soft_Backup/VHD's/Ubuntu 17.04 server/Ubuntu 17.04 server.vdi ./Soft_Backup/VHD's/Fedora 23_/Fedora 23 .vdi ./Soft_Backup/VHD's/Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Desktop/Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Desktop.vdi ./Soft_Backup/VHD's/Ubuntu 14.04 LTS desktop/Ubuntu 14.04 LTS desktop.vdi ./Soft_Backup/VHD's/Debian 8 Desktop/Debian 8 Desktop.vdi ./Soft_Backup/VHD's/FreeBSD 10.3 server/FreeBSD 10.3 server.vdi ./Soft_Backup/VHD's/OpenMandriva Lx 3 desktop/OpenMandriva Lx 3 desktop.vdi ./Soft_Backup/VHD's/Elementary OS_/Elementary OS_.vdi ./Soft_Backup/OS Images/Linux/openSUSE-Leap-42.1-DVD-x86_64.iso/openSUSE-Leap-42.1-DVD-x86_64.iso [...]
As you can see, I have some files with size bigger than 4GiB.
Similarly, to find the files which are smaller than X size, for example 4GiB, use the following command:
$ find . -type f -size -4G
You can use size switch for other formats, such as
- `c’ for bytes
- ‘w’ for two-byte words
- `k’ for Kilobytes
- `M’ for Megabytes
- `G’ for Gigabytes
For example, to find files which are bigger than 4MB, use the following command:
$ find . -type f -size +4M
To find files smaller than 4MB, use this command:
$ find . -type f -size -4M
You might wonder how to find files between a certain size. For instance, you can find files between 30MB and 40MB using the following command:
$ find -size +30M -size -40M
To find files of exact size, for example 30MB, run:
$ find -size 30M
For more details, refer man pages.
$ man find
Do you know any other useful and easiest way to find files which are smaller or bigger than a particular size? Please feel free to comment them in comment section below.
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And, that’s all for now folks. Hope this guide helps. More good stuffs to come. Stay tuned!