Some Random One-liner Linux Commands [Part 4]
This is the fourth part in the series of “random one-liner Linux commands” tutorial. In this part, you will learn about the random one-liner Linux commands, in no particular order or category, which we shared via image templates in our social networks in this month. Just in case, if you had missed the previous two parts, you can read them in the below links.
- Some Random One-liner Linux Commands [Part 1]
- Some Random One-liner Linux Commands [Part 2]
- Some Random One-liner Linux Commands [Part 3]
Now, let us see this month one-liner commands.
One-liner Linux Commands – Part 4
1. To run a N’th command, for example 4th command, from the history, run this command:
Here, we use “!” followed by a number to recall that particular command in our BASH history. Similarly, we can run the N’th with with sudo privileges like below.
$ sudo !4
Please be mindful that this command can be destructive if that particular command was a deadly command, for example “rm -fr <some-file-or-directory>”. So, be very cautious while using this command.
2. To temporarily lock an user account, run:
$ sudo passwd <username> -l
This can be very useful when managing systems that are being accessed by many users.
To unlock the user, just do:
$ sudo passwd <username> -u
3. Display the status of an user account, for example ostechnix:
$ passwd -S ostechnix
ostechnix P 03/29/2018 0 99999 7 -1
As you see in the above screenshot, the status information consists of 7 fields.
- ostechnix – It is the first that displays the username.
- P – It is the 2nd field that indicates if the user account has a locked password (L), has no password (NP), or has a usable password (P).
- 03/29/2018 – It is the third field. It indicates the date of the last password change.
- 0 – This fourth filed indicates minimum password age.
- 99999 – It is the fifth field which tells us maximum password age.
- 7 – The sixth fields indicates the warning period before the password expires.
- -1 – This is the seventh and last field that indicates inactivity period for the password. All these ages are expressed in days.
4. Find out all information of a command:
$ type -a ls ls is aliased to `ls --color=auto' ls is /usr/bin/ls ls is /bin/ls
As you see, we can find out whether “ls” command is an alias, file, function, built-in command and the path of ls command.
5. To install all .DEB files stored in a directory in Debian-based systems, use this command:
$ sudo dpkg -iR Downloads/
This command will install all .deb packages stored in the Downloads directory.
6. To put all characters in each paragraph in a file in single line:
$ fmt file.txt
Let us say you have a file named ostechnix.txt with following contents.
abc def fgh ijk
Now, run this command to put all these characters in a single line.
$ fmt ostechnix.txt abc def fgh ijk
To put only a width of 10 characters in a single line, use -w flag.
$ fmt -w 10 ostechnix.txt
7. To list all PCI hardware details, run:
To display more details, use -v flag.
$ lspci -v
To display even more details, use double -v flag.
$ lspci -vv
8. To view the password expiration details of an user, for example ostechnix, run:
$ sudo chage -l ostechnix Password: Last password change : Mar 31, 2018 Password expires : never Password inactive : never Account expires : never Minimum number of days between password change : 0 Maximum number of days between password change : 99999 Number of days of warning before password expires : 7
9. To find if your system supports virtualization technology (VT), run:
$ egrep "(svm|vmx)" /proc/cpuinfo
If you get “vmx” in the output, your system supports Intel-VT technology and if it is “svm” it means that your system has AMD-V support.
For more details, refer the following link.
10. To start directly editing file on ‘N’th line using Vi, use this command:
$ vi +5 file.txt
This command is used to begin editing the file.txt on 5th line using Vi editor.
11. List the contents of a a zip file. for example ostechnix.zip, without extracting it, run:
$ unzip -l ostechnix.zip
Refer the following guide to know more about zip/unzip command usage in Linux.
12. To archive a directory into multiple smaller parts, for example 100MB each, run:
$ zip -r -s 100m archive.zip ostechnix/
The above command will create an multiple smaller archives of the directory ostechnix with size 100MB each. This will be useful when you wanted to send a really big directory or file via Internet. Just divide the archive into multiple smaller parts and send them one by one.
13. Convert a given string or URL into an ASCII QR code, run:
$ curl qrenco.de/OSTechNix
These all are the list of one-liner Linux commands that we shared via image templates in March’18 month. For more details, refer the man pages of the respective command. I hope some of these commands will help you.
More good stuffs to come. Stay tuned!