Installing Ubuntu 18.04 LTS [Desktop And Server]
The wait is over! Ubuntu 18.04 LTS, codenamed Bionic Beaver, final edition will be released shortly. This is the seventh LTS (long-term support) version from Canonical, the parent company of Ubuntu operating system. Since this is LTS version, the maintenance updates will be provided for 5 years (until April 2023) for Ubuntu Desktop, Ubuntu Server, Ubuntu Cloud, Ubuntu Core, and Ubuntu Kylin. All the remaining flavours will be supported for 3 years.
Ubuntu 18.04 LTS ships with Linux Kernel 4.15 and plenty of new feature improvements, software updates, and bug fixes. You can read everything about Ubuntu 18.04 LTS in the releases notes. This tutorial will walk you through installing Ubuntu 18.04 LTS desktop and server editions. First, let us see how to install the desktop edition.
If you’re already running the older versions like Ubuntu 16.04 LTS or Ubuntu 17.10, refer the following guide to upgrade to Ubuntu 18.04 LTS without re-installing them from scratch.
Installing Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Desktop
Download Ubuntu 18.04 LTS image from here. Create a bootable usb drive using any one of the methods given below.
- Etcher – A Beautiful App To Create Bootable SD Cards Or USB Drives
- Bootiso Lets You Safely Create Bootable USB Drive
Boot your system with newly created bootable pen drive. You will be greeted with the following screen.
As you can see you have two options. You can either try latest Ubuntu 18.04 LTS without making any changes in your computer, directly from this cd. Or, you can hit the Install Ubuntu option to continue installing Ubuntu 18.04 LTS on your hard drive. I am going to install it, so I clicked Install Ubuntu option.
Choose your keyboard layout:
Now, choose the apps you like to install. The normal installation type will install all applications including web browser, office suite, games and media players. If you want to setup a full fledged desktop, choose normal installation. If you want only minimal system that has web browser and basic utilities, choose minimal installation.
Next, choose the installation type. The installer will provide the following four options. You can choose which suits to you.
- Erase disk and install Ubuntu – Choosing this option will delete everything in your system.
- Encrypt the new installation for security – This option lets you to encrypt your Ubuntu system. You will need to choose a security key in the next wizard if you choose this option.
- Use LVM with the new Ubuntu installation – If you want to resize, add, modify, take snapshot partitions, choose this option.
- Something else – It allows you to manually partition the hard drive yourself. You can choose the custom size for each partition. It is opt for dual boot.
Choose your country location:
Enter your name, computer name, username and password to the username:
Now, Ubuntu installation will begin. Grab a cup of coffee. It will take a few minutes.
Once the installation is completed, remove the Ubuntu installation medium and click Restart Now to complete the installation.
Click on the username and enter the password to log in to the newly installed Ubuntu 18.04 LTS desktop. You can also choose the graphics stack of your choice. Ubuntu 18.04 LTS ships with both the traditional Xorg graphics stack as well as the newer Wayland based stack, but Xorg is the default display server.
This is how Ubuntu 18.04 LTS default desktop looks like.
Next, Ubuntu 18.04 LTS short tour takes place. It will display what’s new and what are the changes in Ubuntu 18.04. If you want to see what’s in the new edition, just click Next. Or click the Close button.
One of the major feature in Ubuntu 18.04 LTS is Livepatch. It allows the users to apply the security updates that normally require restarting. To enable this feature, click “Set Up Livepatch”.
Enter your Ubuntu Single Sign-on username and password and click Connect.
Once you setup the Livepatch, you would see the following screen.
Congratulations! You’re ready to use your newly installed Ubuntu desktop. Install applications of your choice and start using it.
Next, we will see how to install Ubuntu 18.04 server edition.
Installing Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Server
Download the Ubuntu 18.04 LTS server edition from here and make bootable USB drive as I already described in the Ubuntu desktop edition section.
Boot your system with the Ubuntu 18.04 bootable medium. You will be greeted with the following screen. Choose your preferred installation language and hit ENTER.
Choose the language to be used for the installation process and press ENTER key to continue. Please note that the selected language will also be the default language for your Ubuntu server.
Select your country location:
Next, the installer will ask whether your want to detect your keyboard layout or not. If you choose “yes”, you will have to press a series of keys to detect the keyboard layout. If you choose “no”, you can choose the keyboard layout from a list.
Choose the country of origin for the keyboard to your Ubuntu server.
Choose the layout matching the keyboard for this machine.
Choose the primary network interface to configure the network.
Enter the hostname for your Ubuntu server.
The installer will ask you to setup a new user account for this system. Enter full name for the new user, username and its password (twice) etc. Make sure you have used a strong password.
If your Ubuntu server is connected to Internet, it will automatically pick the timezone based on your physical location. If the timezone is correct, choose “Yes” and hit ENTER to continue. If it is not correct, simply select “No” and hit ENTER key to choose your preferred timezone from the list.
Next, you need to partition your hard drive. Choose any one of the given partition methods that suits to you.
- Guided – use entire disk : This method will erase entire hard drive and automatically partition the drive. Recommended for newbies.
- Guided – use entire disk and set up LVM : Same as above, but with LVM support. That means you can resize, add, merge partitions later.
- Guided – use entire disk and setup encrypted LVM : If you want to secure your partitions, choose this method.
- Manual : This is for intermediate and advanced users to manually setup partitions of their choice.
After choosing the required partition method, you will be prompted to select the disk to partition.
Once you are happy with the partitions, choose “Yes” to continue partitioning the disk. Or click “No” to change the partition method.
Now Ubuntu 18.04 LTS server installation process will start.
If you’re behind a proxy server, enter its details and hit ENTER. If you don’t have one, leave the proxy field as blank and press ENTER to continue.
Now we reached to an important stage. Here, You need to choose how do you want to manage upgrades on this server. You can simply the automatic updates, or choose only to install security updates automatically or use Landscape service to manage the system.
At this stage, the core system has been installed. You can, however, choose to install one or more the predefined software collections from the list.
Choose “Yes” to install Grub bootloader.
Once the installation is completed, remove the installation medium and choose “Continue” and hit ENTER to reboot your system.
Congratulations! The Ubuntu 18.04 LTS server has been successfully installed and it is ready to use!!
And, that’s all for now. As you can see, Ubuntu 18.04 LTS installation isn’t that hard. The only place where you should be careful is at choosing partitioning the disk. The rest is easy and mostly self-explanatory.
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