How to Install Oracle VirtualBox On Ubuntu 16.04 Headless Server

This tutorial walk you through how to install Oracle VirtualBox in Ubuntu 16.04 LTS headless server. Also this tutorial describes how to manage the VirtualBox headless instances using a phpVirtualBox, a web-based front-end tool for VirtualBox. The steps described below might also work on Debian, and its derivatives.

Prerequisites

Before installing Oracle VirtualBox, we need to do the following prerequisites in our Ubuntu 16.04 LTS server.

Update the Ubuntu server as shown below.

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

After updating the Ubuntu server, install the following necessary packages:

sudo apt-get install build-essential dkms unzip wget

After installing all updates and necessary prerequisites, restart the Ubuntu server.

sudo reboot

Install Oracle VirtualBox on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS server

Add Oracle VirtualBox official repository. To do so, edit /etc/apt/sources.list file:

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list

Add the following lines. Replace the word ‘xenial’ by ‘vivid’, ‘utopic’, ‘trusty’, ‘raring’, ‘quantal’, ‘precise’, ‘lucid’, ‘jessie’, ‘wheezy’, or ‘squeezeas per the distribution you use.

Here, I will be using Ubuntu 16.04 LTS, so I have added the following repository.

deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian xenial contrib
Add VirtualBox repository

Add VirtualBox repository

Then, run the following command to add the Oracle public key:

wget -q https://www.virtualbox.org/download/oracle_vbox_2016.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add -

For VirtualBox older versions, add the following key:

wget -q https://www.virtualbox.org/download/oracle_vbox.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add -

Next, update the software sources using command:

sudo apt-get update

Finally, install latest Oracle VirtualBox using command:

sudo apt-get install virtualbox-5.0
Install Oracle VirtualBox

Install Oracle VirtualBox

Adding users to VirtualBox group

We need to create and add our system user to the vboxusers group. You can either create a separate user and assign it to vboxusers group or use the existing user. I don’t want to create a new user, so I added my existing user tho this group. Please note that if you use a separate user for virtualbox, you must log out and log in to that user and do the rest of the steps.

Since my existing username is sk, I ran the following command to add it to the vboxusers group.

sudo usermod -aG vboxusers sk

Now, run the following command to check if virtualbox kernel modules are loaded or not.

sudo systemctl status vboxdrv

Deepin Terminal_004

For older Ubuntu versions, run:

sudo /etc/init.d/vboxdrv status

If the virtualbox module doesn’t start, run the following command to start it.

sudo /etc/init.d/vboxdrv setup

Great! We have successfully installed VirtualBox and started its service.

Install VirtualBox Extension pack

Now let us install Oracle VirtualBox extension pack. This Extension pack provides the following functionalities to the VirtualBox guests.

  • The virtual USB 2.0 (EHCI) device
  • VirtualBox Remote Desktop Protocol (VRDP) support
  • Host webcam passthrough
  • Intel PXE boot ROM
  • Experimental support for PCI passthrough on Linux hosts

Download the latest Extension pack for VirtualBox 5.x from here.

wget http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/5.0.24/Oracle_VM_VirtualBox_Extension_Pack-5.0.24-108355.vbox-extpack

Install Extension pack using command:

sudo VBoxManage extpack install Oracle_VM_VirtualBox_Extension_Pack-5.0.24-108355.vbox-extpack
Install VirtualBox extension pack

Install VirtualBox extension pack

Congratulations! We have successfully installed Oracle VirtualBox with extension pack in Ubuntu 16.04 LTS server. It is time to deploy virtual machines. Refer the virtualbox official guide to start creating and managing virtual machines in command line.

Not everyone is command line expert. Somebody might want to create and use virtual machines graphically. Don’t worry, Here comes phpVirtualBox in handy!

About phpVirtualBox

phpVirtualBox is a free, web-based front-end to Oracle VirtualBox. It is written using PHP language. Using phpVirtualBox, we can easily create, delete, manage and administer virtual machines via a web browser from a remote system.

Install phpVirtualBox in Ubuntu 16.04 LTS

Since it is a web-based tool, we need to install Apache webserver, PHP and some php modules.

To do so, run:

sudo apt-get install apache2 php php-mysql libapache2-mod-php php-soap php-xml

Then, Download the phpVirtualBox latest version from phpVirtualBox download page.

As of writing this guide, the latest version was 5.0.5.

To download it, run:

wget https://sourceforge.net/projects/phpvirtualbox/files/phpvirtualbox-5.0-5.zip

Extract the downloaded archive with command:

unzip phpvirtualbox-5.0-5.zip

Copy or move the extracted phvirtualbox folder to your apache webserver root folder.

sudo mv phpvirtualbox-5.0-5 /var/www/html/phpvirtualbox

Assign the proper permissions to the phpvirtualbox folder.

sudo chmod 777 /var/www/html/phpvirtualbox/

Next, let us configure phpVirtualBox.

Copy the sample config file as shown below.

sudo cp /var/www/html/phpvirtualbox/config.php-example /var/www/html/phpvirtualbox/config.php

Edit phpVirtualBox config.php file:

sudo nano /var/www/html/phpvirtualbox/config.php

Find the following lines and replace the username and password with your system user (The username and password which we created earlier in this tutorial).

In my case, my username is sk, and password is ubuntu.

var $username = 'sk';
var $password = 'ubuntu';
Edit phpvirtualbox config file

Edit phpvirtualbox config file

Save and close the file.

Create a new file called /etc/default/virtualbox:

sudo nano /etc/default/virtualbox

Add the following line. Replace ‘sk’ with your own username.

VBOXWEB_USER=sk

Finally, Reboot your system or restart all services to complete the configuration.

sudo systemctl restart vboxweb-service
sudo systemctl restart vboxdrv
sudo systemctl restart apache2

Access phpVirtualBox Web console

Now, go to your client system and open the web browser of your choice.

In the address bar, type: http://IP-address-of-virtualbox-headless-server/phpvirtualbox.

You should see the following screen. Enter the phpVirtualBox administrative user credentials.

The default username for phpVirtualBox is admin and its password is admin too.

Login to phpVirtualBox console

Login to phpVirtualBox console

Congratulations! You will be pleased with phpVirtualBox dashboard.

phpVirtualBox dashboard

phpVirtualBox dashboard

That’s it. Now you can manage your VirtualBox headless instances from here. Also, You can access the phpVirtualBox from any system in the same network. All you need is a web browser and the username and password of phpVirtualBox.

Creating Virtual Machines from phpVirtualBox

To create a new virtual machine, just click New button on the top left corner.

Enter the guest machine name, choose type, and architecture etc.

phpVirtualBox - VirtualBox Web Console - Chromium_008

Enter the RAM size to the guest machine.

phpVirtualBox - VirtualBox Web Console - Chromium_009

Next, add a virtual hard disk to the new machine. The default size is 8GB, however, you can change it if you want.

phpVirtualBox - VirtualBox Web Console - Chromium_010

Select Hard disk type. I go with default values.

phpVirtualBox - VirtualBox Web Console - Chromium_011

Choose whether the new virtual hard drive file should grow as it is used (dynamically allocated) or it should be created at its maximum size (fixed size).

phpVirtualBox - VirtualBox Web Console - Chromium_012

Select the location to store the virtual machine. Also, you can change the virtual hdd size as per your requirement. Finally clikc Create.

phpVirtualBox - VirtualBox Web Console - Chromium_013

That’s it. Guest machine has been created. Select the virtual machine from the main interface and click Start to install guest OS.

Hope this helps. If you find this guide useful, please share it on your social networks and support us.

Thanks for stopping by.

Reference links:

You may also like...

  • Gianni Franceschinis

    Hello,
    This is a great guide.
    Thanks so much!!!

  • Daryl Lee

    Nice work. But when I browse to phpvirtualbox and log in, I get a failure to connect to “http://127.0.0.1:18083/”. Any idea what that’s all about? The userid/pwd is correct