How To Control Media Players From Commandline In Linux

Control Media Players From Commandline

Howdy Music lovers! Today I learned that we can control media players from commandline in Unix-like operating systems. You can play, pause, toggle between play and pause, increase/decrease volume, switch to next/previous media files, and stop the media playback. All from Terminal! Cool, yeah? Yes, it is. In this guide, we will be discussing two simple utilities that can be used to control the media players from the Terminal in your Linux box.

1. Playerctl

Playerctl is a simple command line utility for controlling media files from Terminal. It will allow you to play, pause media files, switch to next or previous track, increase or decrease the volume, stop the playback etc. Using Playerctl, we can manage the all media players that implement the MPRIS D-Bus Interface Specification. Some of the popular media players that can be controlled using Playerctl are given below.

  • Audacious,
  • Bmp,
  • Spotify,
  • Mplayer/SMplayer,
  • VLC,
  • Xmms2.

Installation

Playerctl is available in the official repositories of all modern Linux distributions. So, you can install it using the distribution’s default package manager.

On Arch Linux:

sudo pacman -S playerctl

On Debian, Ubuntu and derivatives:

sudo apt-get install playerctl

On Fedora:

sudo dnf install playerctl

On openSUSE:

sudo zypper install playerctl

If it is not available in the official repositories, you can manually compile and install it from using source. The latest source files are available in the releases page.

Usage

First, list all available players using command:

playerctl -l

Or,

playerctl --list-all

Sample output would be:

vlc
smplayer

You can view the status of a player by mentioning its name with playerctl command:

$ playerctl status vlc
Stopped
$ playerctl status smplayer
Playing

As you can see, currently there are two players available (currently opened and running players) in my system. Vlc is stopped and smplayer is playing now.

To play the track , run:

playerctl play -p smplayer

Or,

playerctl play --player smplayer

If there were only one player is running, you don’t have to use “-p” or “–player” switch. Playerctl will automatically play the track playing in the currently opened player.

To pause the currently playing track (assuming you have only one running player), run:

playerctl pause smplayer

To go to the next track, run:

playerctl next smplayer

To go the previous track, run:

playerctl previous smplayer

To toggle between play or pause, run:

playerctl play-pause smplayer

This option will resume the track if it is currently paused or play the track if it is currently being played now.

To stop the playback, run:

playerctl stop smplayer

To view the help section, run:

$ playerctl --help
Usage:
 playerctl [OPTION…] COMMAND - Controller for MPRIS players

For true players only: spotify, vlc, audacious, bmp, xmms2, and others.

Help Options:
 -h, --help Show help options

Application Options:
 -p, --player=NAME The name of the player to control (default: the first available player)
 -l, --list-all List the names of running players that can be controlled
 -V, --version Print version information and exit

Available Commands:
 play Command the player to play
 pause Command the player to pause
 play-pause Command the player to toggle between play/pause
 stop Command the player to stop
 next Command the player to skip to the next track
 previous Command the player to skip to the previous track
 position [OFFSET][+/-] Command the player to go to the position or seek forward/backward OFFSET in seconds
 volume [LEVEL][+/-] Print or set the volume to LEVEL from 0.0 to 1.0
 status Get the play status of the player
 metadata [KEY] Print metadata information for the current track. Print only value of KEY if passed

For more details, look at the project’s GitHub page given at the end.

2. OmniPause

OmniPause is a simple python application to control media players via DBus. Unlike Playerctl, OmniPause is very new to the show and in early development stage. However it is fully functional and will do all of the same things as Playerctl.

Installation

OmniPause is written using Python, so you need to install the following dependencies first. These packages are available in the official repositories of all Linux distributions. So, you can install them using the default package manager.

  • python2
  • dbus-python

After installing the prerequisites, git clone the project:

git clone https://github.com/mel00010/OmniPause.git

Go to the project’s directory:

cd OmniPause/

And, run the following command to install it.

sudo make install

The above command will copy omnipause.py program to /usr/local/bin/omnipause.

Usage

The usage is exactly same as Playerctl. Unlike Playerctl, Omnipause has limited functionality. The only available functions are:

  • play,
  • pause,
  • next,
  • previous,
  • toggle,
  • stop.

To pause all running media players, run:

omnipause pause

To resume playback of media players paused by the program, run:

omnipause play

To stop all media players, run:

omnipause stop

To play the next track on all playing media players, run:

omnipause next

To play the previous track on all playing media players, run:

omnipause previous

To toggle the playback state of running media players, run:

omnipause toggle

As you can see, we can control all running media players using single command. It’s that simple. Like Playerctl, It doesn’t have any options to stop a specific player or increase/decrease volume. If you want to such options and more control over your media players, use playerctl program.

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  • Gregory Pittman

    Or maybe just use mplayer from the command line.

    • SK

      Yes. We can also use cmus. These are CLI-based players. Playerctl and OmniPause aren’t players, but CLI media player controllers.

  • jymm

    I use Clementine, it has nice graphic controls.